Texas Longhorn Breed Evaluation Chart

This chart was designed to evaluate and judge Texas Longhorn Cattle. Individual producers may place more or less value on specific attributes.

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1. General Type

Desirable

Good length with moderate depth an thickness. Top of hips slightly higher than top of shoulders. Angular shaped body. Strong legs with free movement. bulls thicker and more heavily muscled than cows, exhibiting masculine crest development on neck at maturity.

Questionable

x

Undesirable

Any evidence of hump directly over shoulder region or evidence of other than Longhorn breed conformation.

Max Points

3

2. Ears

Desirable

Medium to small, short round ears, pigmented and fitted horizontally under horns or sloping slightly upward.

Questionable

Longer, droopy ears.

Undesirable

Extremely large and/or droopy ears. Unpigmented ears.

Max Points

2

3. Head

Desirable

Showing masculinity or femininity according to sex; moderate width with pronounced length. From poll to muzzle straight profile. Pigmented around eyes. Symmetrical eyes, and nose alignment.

Questionable

Wide blocky head. convex forehead. "Roman nose." .

Undesirable

Masculine or steer type head on cows. Steer type head on bulls.

Max Points

4

4. Muzzle

Desirable

Mealy mouthed or pigmented, wide and symmetrical. Teeth correctly aligned.

Questionable

Non-pigmented.

Undesirable

Wry nose, overshot or under shot jaw. Harelip or deformed palate.

Max Points

4

5. Neck

Desirable

Trim on cows, muscular on bulls. Long with minimal loose skin.

Questionable

Ewe neck or very short. Pendulous dewlap.

Undesirable

Masculine on cow. Feminine on bull.

Max Points

4

6. Shoulders

Desirable

Free moving, smooth. Well-muscled on bulls. blending smoothly to neck and ribs.

Questionable

Open on top sharply dropping down behind shoulders.

Undesirable

Wide coarse or too vertical.

Max Points

3

7. Brisket

Desirable

Trim and free from excessive fleshiness.

Questionable

Excessive fat, downward sloping and excessive dewlap.

Undesirable

Fullness in lower neck and brisket to give a Buffalo type silhouette.

Max Points

2

8. Tail

Desirable

Long with full switch.

Questionable

Very short tail.

Undesirable

Wry tail or genetic bob tail.

Max Points

2

9. Back

Desirable

Strong straight topline with maximum length between the shoulders and hooks.

Questionable

Extreme swayback and shortness between shoulders and hooks.

Undesirable

Long chine bones on cows extending much higher than shoulder blades revealing inconsistent calving history.

Max Points

7

10. Loin

Desirable

Broad and full rib eye area.

Questionable

Narrow and low.

Undesirable

Extremely narrow and low.

Max Points

4

11. Ribs

Desirable

Well sprung elliptical.

Questionable

Slab sided.

Undesirable

x

Max Points

2

12. Hooks and Pins

Desirable

Reasonably prominent with good length between.

Questionable

Excessive narrowness between hooks. Short between hooks and pins.

Undesirable

Excessive downward slope toward rear.

Max Points

4

13. Hindquarters

Desirable

Long, slightly sloping from hooks to pins. Full and well developed.

Questionable

High pins and tail head associated with tilted vulva.

Undesirable

Short, narrow, extra droopy. Small and concave.

Max Points

6

14. Heart Girth

Desirable

Full on Bulls. Angular on Cows.

Questionable

Pinched girth.

Undesirable

Deep chested non angular cows.

Max Points

2

15. Legs and Feet

Desirable

Squarely set, sound feet, legs, hocks, and joints with adequate bone. Hard hooves.

Questionable

Short legs, sickle hocks or "Post" legs - extra close weak hocks, very small bones.

Undesirable

Mule footed. Unsoundness. Weak pasterns.

Max Points

6

16. Size and Flesh

Desirable

Easy fleshing. Adequate size for environment to show good gain and health.

Questionable

Small for age and environment.

Undesirable

Unthrifty, chronic-poor flesh. Lacking mature size for environment.

Max Points

6

17. Hide

Desirable

Vascular and pliable.

Questionable

Too tight or excessive skin fold. Excessive sheath, neck flap or navel flap.

Undesirable

 

Max Points

2

18. Hair (dependent on environment)

Desirable

Cows - Short, straight, slick coat. Bulls - Coarse, wire-type hair on head and neck. Long hair in ears.

Questionable

Dull, dry bristly hair.

Undesirable

Slow shedding in spring season. Long shaggy hair indicative of impurities such as Scotch Highland.

Max Points

1

19. Sheath

Desirable

Retracted prepuce, small orifice, flat small-sized navel flap.

Questionable

 

Undesirable

Long pendulous sheath, non-retractable prepuce. Excessive navel flap on male and female.

Max Points

3

20. Udder and Teats

Desirable

Well attached udder, equally balanced quarters, pigmented small teats, and abundant milk production adequate to raise a fat calf.

Questionable

Teats too large for calf to nurse at birth.

Undesirable

Hard, firm, meaty udder, unable to produce enough milk for her calf.

Max Points

6

21. Disposition

Desirable

Mild, tractable.

Questionable

Nervous

Undesirable

Unmanageable

Max Points

5

22. Reproduction

Desirable

Early maturity and longevity. Cows - Regular calving and early puberty. bulls - Masculine, virile, high libido, high quality semen in volume.

Questionable

Abnormal reproductive organs.

Undesirable

Cows - Slow breeders, late puberty, abortive. Bulls - Unmatched testes and below breed average scrotal circumferences.

Max Points

6

23. Color

Desirable

More varied than those of the Rainbow. Colors and mixes are so various that no two appear exactly alike. Wild, flamboyant, loud colors.

Questionable

Color patterns that would indicate impurities such as Hereford markings.

Undesirable

Non-pigmented around eyes, nose, ears, and teats.

Max Points

6

24. Horn Growth

Desirable

Cows - Wide, twisted outward, measuring 40" or more, tip to tip at maturity. Bulls - Horns with lateral length and a slight forward upward sweep of 46" or more tip to tip on mature bulls, and a base circumference of 12" or more.

Questionable

Cows - Horns that curve sharply upward and or measure under 35" tip to tip at maturity. Bulls - Horns that curve sharply upward and or inward with under 40" tip to tip at maturity. Small base circumference.

Undesirable

Small amount of horn as to indicate impurities or below traditional horn size.

Max Points

10